Caring for your eyes and vision means much more than a pair of glasses or contact lenses. Our doctors use the most updated and advanced technology to diagnose and treat an unparalleled range of issues.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural focusing lens. Cataracts are associated with the normal aging process and are the leading cause of vision loss among adults over the age of 55. Eye injuries, certain medications, and diseases may also cause cataracts.
Common symptoms include:
- Blurry vision
- Difficulty reading in low light
- Double vision in one eye
- Glare or sensitivity to light
- Declining night vision
- Fading of colors
Cataracts are typically treated with surgery. Cataract surgery has made great advancements in the last decade, which have not only made the procedure faster – ten minutes and performed in the comfort of an outpatient surgery center – but also shortened the length of recovery time. Most patients are back to their daily routines within a day of surgery and provided new lens implant options give patients the ability to see far and near without the use of glasses. We will discuss the various types of intraocular implants so an informed decision may be made regarding the appropriate type of lens for each patient.
Comprehensive Eye Exams
Our experienced practitioners take the time to thoroughly assess the health and function of your eyes, including:
- Eye and general health history
- Binocular assessment
- Eye health evaluation
- Glaucoma and cataract evaluation
- Evaluation of systemic disease, including diabetes and hypertension
- Routine and specialty contact lens services
Our general exam begins at $165 depending on your condition or diagnosis and there may be fees for additional testing and services. Medicaid and Medicare are accepted for most services. Please check with your insurance carrier for information regarding specific coverage.
Diabetic Eye Care
Diabetes can cause changes in nearsightedness, farsightedness and premature presbyopia, which is the inability to focus on close objects, fluctuating or blurring of vision, occasional double vision, loss of visual field, and flashes and floaters.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when there is a weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels that nourish your eye’s retina, which is the delicate, light-sensitive lining of the back of the eye. You may notice a cloudiness of vision, blind spots, or floaters as the disease progresses or it may produce no visual symptoms at all. It may be treated with laser therapy in its early stages, but surgery may be necessary to preserve sight in other cases.
The best way to prevent vision loss is to maintain control of your diabetes. See your physician regularly and follow her/his instructions about diet, exercise, and medication.
Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the passages that normally allow fluid to drain become clogged or blocked. The blockages increase pressure in the eye, which damages fibers in the optic nerve. It typically affects people over the age of 40 as well as people with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans, and those who are very nearsighted or diabetic.
The most common type of glaucoma develops gradually and painlessly, without symptoms. A rarer type occurs rapidly and its symptoms may include blurred vision, loss of vision out of the side of your eyes, seeing colored rings around lights, and pain or redness in the eyes.
Glaucoma cannot be prevented, but if diagnosed and treated early, it may be controlled. Treatment includes prescription eye drops and medicines to lower the pressure in the eyes. Laser treatment or surgery may be effective in reducing pressure in some cases.
Head Trauma Services
Strokes, car accidents, falls, physical assaults, pedestrian accidents, or brain surgery may disrupt the visual process and interfere with the information flow and processing in the brain. Our doctors and practitioners seek to enhance our patients’ visual capabilities in order to improve their daily activities and quality of life. We also partner with rehabilitation hospitals and centers, occupational therapists, physical therapists, neuropsychologists, and other rehabilitation health care professionals throughout the region.
Many patients come to us several years after their initial injury or trauma. An initial consultation consists of a personal interview with a visual rehabilitative optometrist, including a comprehensive review of the patient’s visual problem and medical history. Numerous diagnostic tests relating to ocular motor function, refractive status, accommodative status, visual field, and ocular health may also be conducted. Treatment plans are developed, which may include special prism spectacles, vision therapy, referrals, and follow-up with other members of a patient’s health care team.
Low Vision Services
Low vision is reduced vision or loss of visual field which cannot be corrected with ordinary glasses or contact lenses. Low vision can make daily activities such as reading, writing, watching television and walking difficult. Its most common causes include macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, optic atrophy, retinitis pigmentosa, traumatic brain injury, and congenital anomalies.
University Eye Center’s comprehensive low vision evaluation carefully assesses the patient’s current visual status, identifies goals and visual needs for our specialists to design an individualized rehabilitation program. Rehabilitative measures include a full range of low vision devices and support services.
Ocular hypertension is increased pressure in the eyes that is above normal with no detectable changes in vision or damage to the eyes. The term is used to distinguish people with elevated pressure from those with glaucoma.
Not all people with ocular hypertension will develop glaucoma, but there is an increased risk of glaucoma among those with ocular hypertension, so regular comprehensive eye examinations are essential for maintaining overall eye health. There is no cure for ocular hypertension, however, careful monitoring and treatment, when necessary, can decrease the risk of damage to your eyes.
Vision therapy is a sequence of neurosensory and neuromuscular activities individually prescribed and monitored by the doctor to develop, rehabilitate and enhance visual skills and processing. The vision therapy program is based on the results of a comprehensive eye examination or consultation, and takes into consideration the results of standardized tests, the needs of the patient, and the patient’s signs and symptoms. The use of lenses, prisms, filters, occluders, specialized instruments, and computer programs is an integral part of vision therapy. The length of the therapy program varies depending on the severity of the diagnosed conditions, typically ranging from several months to longer periods of time. Activities paralleling in-office techniques are typically taught to the patient to be practiced at home, thereby reinforcing the developing visual skills
Research has demonstrated vision therapy can be an effective treatment option for:
- Ocular motility dysfunctions (eye movement disorders)
- Non-strabismic binocular disorders (inefficient eye teaming)
- Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes)
- Amblyopia (poorly developed vision)
- Accommodative disorders (focusing problems)
- Visual information processing disorders, including visual-motor integration and integration with other sensory modalities
- Visual sequelae of acquired brain injury