Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes. This can appear as an inward (cross-eyed), outward, or vertical eye turn. Normally, the six muscles surrounding each eye work as a team and allow both eyes to point at the same object. In strabismus, these muscles do not work together which results in the eyes pointing in two different directions.
Strabismus is classified by the direction(s) of the eye turn:
Strabismus can be seen in patients with a high glasses prescription. It can also be associated with medical conditions such as brain injury, strokes, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy.
If strabismus remains untreated, it can lead to a condition called amblyopia, or “lazy eye”.
Glasses or contact lenses will be given for any underlying prescription. In some cases, prism may be added to help the eyes work together.
Optometric vision therapy can be done to promote “binocular” vision, or using both eyes together. The prognosis of vision therapy is case dependent.
If indicated, a referral for surgical correction of the strabismus may be recommended. Often, optometric vision therapy is needed before and/or after surgery is performed to stabilize the “binocular” or eye teaming skills which will help better maintain ocular alignment.
Typically, the evaluation requires two parts.
Surgical consultation with our expert strabismus surgeon to determine if surgical correction is an option